How are abdominal wall hernias diagnosed?
Abdominal wall hernias are sometimes diagnosed by the patient who feels a bulge and is sometimes associated with pain. If this is the case, the hernia needs to be confirmed by a physician exam. Hernias can also be diagnosed on imaging studies such as CT scan. If you think you have a hernia, see your doctor right away. If the bulge is associated with severe pain accompanied by persistent nausea and vomiting, and inability to pass gas or stool you may have an intestinal obstruction where a loop of intestine has become stuck (incarcerated) at the hernia defect. This is a serious emergency situation–proceed to your nearest emergency room immediately.