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What causes an umbilical hernia?

The abdominal organs are formed on the outside of a baby’s body during their development in the womb. These organs return to the abdominal cavity around the 10th week of gestation. If the wall of the abdomen fails to close around the abdominal organs, an umbilical hernia can form.

On occasion, the intestines can become trapped in this muscular defect, which causes umbilical pain and tenderness. This is condition is called an incarcerated hernia and must be evaluated immediately to prevent the cause of damage to the intestines. Symptoms of an incarcerated hernia include severe pain and redness of the bulge.


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